JUCS - Journal of Universal Computer Science 14(14): 2381-2399, doi: 10.3217/jucs-014-14-2381
Implementation of a Prototype Positioning System for LBS on U-campus
expand article infoJaegeol Yim, Ilseok Ko, Jaesu Do, Jaehun Joo, Seunghwan Jeong
‡ Dongguk University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Open Access
Abstract
Location-based service is one of the most popular buzzwords in the field of U-cities. Positioning a user is an essential ingredient of a location-based system in a U-city. For outdoor positioning, GPS based practical solutions have been introduced. However, the measurement error of GPS is too big for it to be used for U-campus services, because the size of a campus is smaller than that of a city. We propose the Relative-Interpolation Method to improve the accuracy of outdoor positioning. However, indoor positioning is also necessary for a U-campus because the GPS signal is not available inside buildings. For indoor positioning, various systems including Cricket, Active Badge, and so on have been introduced. These methods require special equipment dedicated to positioning. Our method does not require such equipment because it determines the user’s position based on the received signal strength indicators (RSSIs) from access points (AP) which are already installed for WLAN. The algorithm we use for indoor positioning is a kind of fingerprinting method. However, our algorithm builds a decision tree instead of a look-up table in the off-line phase. Therefore, the proposed method is faster than the existing indoor positioning methods in the real-time phase. We integrated our indoor and outdoor positioning methods and implemented a prototype indoor-outdoor positioning system on a laptop. The experimental results are discussed in this paper. In implementing the prototype, we also implemented a C# library function which can be used to read the RSSIs from the APs.
Keywords
ubiquitous-campus, LBS, positioning, fingerprinting method, decision tree