JUCS - Journal of Universal Computer Science 15(18): 3307-3324, doi: 10.3217/jucs-015-18-3307
Layout Analysis for Camera-Based Whiteboard Notes
expand article infoSzilárd Vajda, Thomas Plötz§, Gernot A. Fink
‡ TU Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany§ Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Open Access
A domain where, even in the era of electronic document processing, handwriting is still widely used is note-taking on a whiteboard. Such documents are either captured by a pen-tracking device or — which is much more challenging — by a camera. In both cases the layout analysis of realistic whiteboard notes is an open research problem. In this paper we propose a camera-based three-stage approach for the automatic layout analysis of whiteboard documents. Assuming a reasonable foreground-background separation of the handwriting it starts with a locally adaptive binarization followed by connected component extraction. The latter are then automatically classified as representing either simple graphical elements of a mindmap or elementary text patches. In the final stage the text patches are subject to a clustering procedure in order to generate hypotheses for those image regions where textual annotations of the mindmap can be found. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach we report results of a writer independent experimental evaluation on a data set of mindmap images created by several different writers without any constraints on writing or drawing style.
whiteboard notes, handwriting recognition, mindmap recognition, camera based recognition, writer independent document layout analysis