JUCS - Journal of Universal Computer Science 28(1): 3-26, doi: 10.3897/jucs.71645
A Novel Real-Time Edge-Cloud Big Data Management and Analytics Framework for Smart Cities
expand article infoRoberto Cavicchioli, Riccardo Martoglia§, Micaela Verucchi
‡ University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy§ Universita' di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
Open Access

Exposing city information to dynamic, distributed, powerful, scalable, and user-friendly big data systems is expected to enable the implementation of a wide range of new opportunities; however, the size, heterogeneity and geographical dispersion of data often makes it difficult to combine, analyze and consume them in a single system. In the context of the H2020 CLASS project, we describe an innovative framework aiming to facilitate the design of advanced big-data analytics workflows. The proposal covers the whole compute continuum, from edge to cloud, and relies on a well-organized distributed infrastructure exploiting: a) edge solutions with advanced computer vision technologies enabling the real-time generation of “rich” data from a vast array of sensor types; b) cloud data management techniques offering efficient storage, real-time querying and updating of the high-frequency incoming data at different granularity levels. We specifically focus on obstacle detection and tracking for edge processing, and consider a traffic density monitoring application, with hierarchical data aggregation features for cloud processing; the discussed techniques will constitute the groundwork enabling many further services. The tests are performed on the real use-case of the Modena Automotive Smart Area (MASA).

smart city framework, big data management, edge computing, cloud data management