JUCS - Journal of Universal Computer Science 28(9): 930-948, doi: 10.3897/jucs.94133
Automatic Detection and Recognition of Citrus Fruit & Leaves Diseases for Precision Agriculture
expand article infoAshok Kumar Saini, Roheet Bhatnagar, Devesh Kumar Srivastava
‡ Manipal University Jaipur, Jaipur, India
Open Access
Machine learning is a branch of computer science concerned with developing algorithms & models capable of ‘learning through data and iterations’. Deep learning simulates the structure and function of human organs and diseases using artificial neural networks with more than one hidden layer. The primary purpose of this work is to develop and test computer vision and machine learning algorithms for classifying Huanglongbing (HLB)-infected, healthy, and unhealthy leaves and fruits of the citrus plant. The images were segmented using a normalized graph cut, and texture information was extracted using a co-occurrence matrix. The collected attributes were used for classification and support vector machine (SVM), and deep learning methods were employed. When rating the classification outcomes, the accuracy of the classification and the number of false positives and false negatives were considered. The result shows that Deep Learning could create categories up to 96.8% of HLB-infected leaves and fruits. Despite a broad variance in intensity from leaves collected in North India, this method suggests it could be beneficial in diagnosing HLB.
Citrus, Deep learning, CNN, SVM, Accuracy