JUCS - Journal of Universal Computer Science 29(10): 1092-1115, doi: 10.3897/jucs.98674
Face Plastic Surgery Recognition Model Based on Neural Network and Meta-Learning Model
expand article infoRasha R. Atallah, Ahmad Sami Al-Shamayleh§, Mohammed A. Awadallah|
‡ Al-Aqsa University, Gaza, Palestine§ Al-Ahliyya Amman University,, Amman, Jordan| Ajman University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates
Open Access

Facial recognition is a procedure of verifying a person's identity by using the face, which is considered one of the biometric security methods. However, facial recognition methods face many challenges, such as face aging, wearing a face mask, having a beard, and undergoing plastic surgery, which decreases the accuracy of these methods.

This study evaluates the impact of plastic surgery on face recognition models. The motivation for conducting the research in that aspect is because plastic surgery treatments do not only change the shape and texture of any face but also have increased rapidly in this era. This paper proposes a model based on an artificial neural network with model-agnostic meta-learning (ANN-MAML) for plastic surgery face recognition. This study aims to build a framework for face recognition before and after undergoing plastic surgery based on an artificial neural network. Also, the study seeks to clarify the collaboration between facial plastic surgery and facial recognition software to determine the issues. The researchers evaluated the proposed ANN-MAML's performance using the HDA dataset. 

The experimental results show that the proposed ANN-MAML learning model attained an accuracy of 90% in facial recognition using Rhinoplasty (Nose surgery) images, 91% on Blepharoplasty surgery (Eyelid surgery) images, 94% on Brow lift (Forehead surgery) images, as well as 92% on Rhytidectomy (Facelift) images. Finally, the results of the proposed model were compared with the baseline methods by the researchers, which showed the superiority of the ANN-MAML over the baselines. 

Meta Learning, Face Recognition, Plastic Surgery Neural Network